Upgrading Clusters

Note: As of v1.8, Enterprise PKS has been renamed to VMware Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition. Some screenshots in this documentation do not yet reflect the change.

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This topic describes how to upgrade Kubernetes clusters provisioned by VMware Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition (Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition) through the Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition Command Line Interface (TKGI CLI).

For information about how to upgrade TKGI-provisioned clusters through the Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition tile,
see Verify Errand Configuration in one of the following topics:

For conceptual information about Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition upgrades, see About Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition Upgrades.

Overview

Upgrading a TKGI-provisioned Kubernetes cluster updates the Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition version and the Kubernetes version of the cluster. TKGI-provisioned Kubernetes clusters upgrade when:

  • You upgrade Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition with the Upgrade all clusters errand enabled in the Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition tile > Errands.
  • You run tkgi upgrade-cluster or tkgi upgrade-clusters as described in Upgrade Clusters below.

For example, running tkgi upgrade-cluster upgrades the cluster you specify to your current version of Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition and to the version of Kubernetes that is included with your current version of Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition.

WARNING: Do not change the number of master/etcd nodes for any plan that was used to create currently-running clusters. Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition does not support changing the number of master/etcd nodes for plans with existing clusters.

Prerequisites

Before upgrading TKGI-provisioned Kubernetes clusters:

  1. Verify the cluster you are upgrading supports upgrading. For information, see Verify Your Clusters Support Upgrading in the Upgrade Preparation Checklist for Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition.
  2. Verify that your Kubernetes environment is healthy. For information, see Verifying Deployment Health.
  3. Install the TKGI CLI. For information, see Installing the TKGI CLI.
  4. Log in to Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition using tkgi login. For more information, see Logging in to Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition.

Upgrade Clusters

You can upgrade individual or multiple clusters using the following procedures:

To monitor or stop a cluster upgrade, follow the procedures in Manage Your Kubernetes Cluster Upgrade Job below.

Upgrade a Single Cluster

The Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition CLI provides upgrade-cluster for upgrading an individual Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition-provisioned Kubernetes cluster.

To upgrade an individual Kubernetes cluster, run the following command:

tkgi upgrade-cluster CLUSTER-NAME

Where CLUSTER-NAME is the name of the Kubernetes cluster you want to upgrade.

To upgrade multiple clusters, see Upgrade Multiple Kubernetes Clusters below.

For more information about the tkgi upgrade-cluster command, see tkgi upgrade-cluster in the TKGI CLI documentation.

Upgrade Multiple Clusters

The Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition CLI provides upgrade-clusters for upgrading multiple Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition-provisioned Kubernetes clusters. You can upgrade clusters serially, serially with some clusters designated as canary clusters, or entirely in parallel.

To upgrade a single cluster, see Upgrade a Single Kubernetes Cluster above.

For more information about the tkgi upgrade-clusters command, see tkgi upgrade-clusters in the TKGI CLI documentation.

Upgrade Clusters in Parallel

To upgrade multiple Kubernetes clusters, run the following command:

tkgi upgrade-clusters --clusters CLUSTER-NAMES --max-in-flight CLUSTER-COUNT --wait

Where:

  • CLUSTER-NAMES is a comma-delimited list of the names of the Kubernetes clusters you want to upgrade.

  • CLUSTER-COUNT is the maximum number of clusters to upgrade in parallel within an an AZ.

    • If the CLUSTER-NAMES list is longer than the CLUSTER-COUNT, the first set of clusters are upgraded in parallel and subsequent clusters are queued and then upgraded in parallel as the preceding cluster upgrades complete.
    • If an upgrade fails for a cluster in the CLUSTER-NAMES list, the job continues to a subsequent cluster in the list.
    • To run the cluster upgrade job as a background task, remove the --wait argument.

    Note: Run upgrade-clusters with a --max-in-flight argument less than your BOSH Director > Director Config > Director Workers value. For example, if your Director Workers value remains the default of 5, run upgrade-clusters with a --max-in-flight argument value less than 5.

    Note: max-in-flight is an optional argument. If max-in-flight is not set, Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition uses the default max-in-flight value of 1 and the clusters are upgraded serially.

For example:

$ tkgi upgrade-clusters --clusters k8-cluster-000,k8-cluster-001,k8-cluster-002 --max-in-flight 2  --wait

You are about to upgrade k8-cluster-000, k8-cluster-001 and k8-cluster-002. Warning: This operation may be long running and may block further operations on the cluster(s) until complete
Continue? (y/n):y Your taskID for the upgrade task is: d772aba0-2670-4fba-b26c-044b19d6ab60 Started upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-000 Started upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-001 Finished upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-000 Started upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-002 Finished upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-001 Finished upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-002 Upgrade task d772aba0-2670-4fba-b26c-044b19d6ab60 is done.

Upgrade Clusters With Canaries

To upgrade multiple clusters and automatically stop upgrading clusters if a cluster upgrade fails, specify your cluster list as canary clusters. You can specify one or more clusters as canary clusters.

To upgrade multiple clusters with one or more canary clusters, run the following command:

tkgi upgrade-clusters --canaries CANARY-CLUSTER-NAMES --clusters CLUSTER-NAMES --wait

Where:

  • CANARY-CLUSTER-NAMES is a comma-delimited list of the names of the Kubernetes clusters you want to upgrade as canary clusters.

  • CLUSTER-NAMES is a comma-delimited list of Kubernetes clusters to upgrade if all canary clusters successfully upgrade.

    • The specified canary clusters are upgraded prior to upgrading the clusters in your CLUSTER-NAMES list.
    • Canary clusters are always upgraded serially.
    • If an upgrade fails for a canary cluster, the entire upgrade-clusters job stops.
    • If an upgrade fails for a cluster in the CLUSTER-NAMES list, the upgrade-clusters job continues to a subsequent cluster in the list.
    • To run the cluster upgrade job as a background task, remove the --wait argument.

    Note: --clusters is a required argument. To configure upgrade-clusters to stop for any cluster upgrade failure, specify only one cluster in your CLUSTER-NAMES list and the remaining clusters in your CANARY-CLUSTER-NAMES list.

    Note: Canary clusters are always upgraded serially. Only the clusters specified in the --clusters list are upgraded in parallel when you run upgrade-clusters with both --canaries and --max-in-flight arguments.

For example:

$ tkgi upgrade-clusters --canaries k8-cluster-dev,k8-cluster-000,k8-cluster-001  --clusters k8-cluster-002  --wait

You are about to upgrade k8-cluster-dev k8-cluster-000, k8-cluster-001 and k8-cluster-002. Warning: This operation may be long running and may block further operations on the cluster(s) until complete Continue? (y/n):y Your taskID for the upgrade task is: ce31a1bb-380a-453f-afa0-835ffa1ce6ac Started upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-000 Upgrading cluster succeeded: k8-cluster-000 Started upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-001 Upgrading cluster succeeded: k8-cluster-001 Started upgrading cluster: k8-cluster-dev Upgrading cluster failed: k8-cluster-dev Upgrade task ce31a1bb-380a-453f-afa0-835ffa1ce6ac is done.

Manage Your Cluster Upgrade Job

You can use the TKGI CLI to monitor and manage your Tanzu Kubernetes Grid Integrated Edition-provisioned Kubernetes cluster upgrade jobs.

Monitor Your Clusters

To review the status of the actions being performed on your clusters, run the following command:

tkgi clusters

For example:

$ tkgi clusters

Upgrade is available to TKGI Version: 1.8.0-build.16
TKGI Version Name k8s Version Plan Name UUID Status Action 1.8.0-build.16 k8-cluster-000 1.17.5 small 9527ebaa-e2fa-422f-a52b-de3c3f0e39a4 succeeded UPGRADE 1.8.0-build.16 k8-cluster-001 1.17.5 small 9527ebaa-e2fa-422f-a52b-de3c3f0e39a4 failed UPGRADE 1.8.0-build.16 k8-cluster-002 1.17.5 small 9527ebaa-e2fa-422f-a52b-de3c3f0e39a4 in progress UPGRADE 1.8.0-build.16 k8-cluster-003 1.17.5 small 9527ebaa-e2fa-422f-a52b-de3c3f0e39a4 queued UPGRADE

Monitor Your Cluster Upgrade Job

To review the status of your upgrade-clusters job, run the following command:

tkgi task TASKID

Where TASKID is the ID of the task that was returned when you ran tkgi upgrade-clusters.

For example:

$ tkgi task ce31a1bb-380a-453f-afa0-835ffa1ce6ac

Your upgrade task is: done
Name Status Start time End time isCanary k8-cluster-000 succeeded Mon, 14 Oct 2019 12:00:00 PDT Mon, 14 Oct 2019 12:19:54 PDT true k8-cluster-001 failed Mon, 14 Oct 2019 12:20:00 PDT --- true

Stop Your Cluster Upgrade Job

To cancel a running upgrade-clusters job, run the following TKGI CLI command:

tkgi cancel-task TASKID

Where TASKID is the ID of the task that was returned when you ran tkgi upgrade-clusters.

Warning: tkgi cancel-task does not cancel cluster upgrades currently in progress. This command only cancels a job’s pending cluster upgrades.

After Upgrading Clusters

(Optional) Restore Cluster Sizing

If you scaled your cluster up for the upgrade and you prefer to restore your cluster to its original sizing, you can now scale the cluster back down to its previous configuration. VMware recommends that you not scale down your clusters and continue to run them with recommended configurations, reducing the chance of a future outage.


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