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Lifecycle errands are BOSH errands (scripts) that run at the beginning and end of an installed product’s availability time. Product teams create errands as part of a product package, and a product can only run errands it includes.
In Ops Manager 2.0 and later, tile authors can choose to colocate errands on existing VMs. When errands are not colocated, BOSH deploys a new VM for each errand defined in the tile metadata. Colocated errands can run alongside other jobs or errands on existing VMs in an operator’s deployment.
Products can have two kinds of errands. Post-deploy errands run after a product installs but before Ops Manager displays makes it available for use. Pre-delete errands run after an operator chooses to delete a product, but before Ops Manager finishes removing it from use.
Note: Ops Manager 2.0 and later supports colocated errands.
Instead of deploying a new VM for each errand, colocated errands run on an existing VM. Errands can run alongside other jobs on a VM, and multiple errands can be colocated on the same VM. Colocated errands run faster than traditional errands and use fewer resources, including disk and IP space.
To configure a colocated errand, define the following properties in the
post_deploy_errands sections of the tile metadata:
||Provide the name of the errand job. The example manifest in the following section uses
||Set this value to
||(Optional) You can set the run rules to
If you do not define this property, Ops Manager sets the run default to
||(Optional) Provide an array that tells BOSH where to run the errand.
Use the name of an instance group, such as
If you do not define this property or you provide an empty array, the errand runs on every instance of the job in the operator’s deployment.
||Define the errand name to be shown in the tile’s Errand Config page and above Apply Changes.
The example manifest in the following section uses
||(Optional) Provide a description for the errand that appears in the tile’s Errand Config page.|
After defining the errand in the sections above, add the errand to the job properties in the
The following example shows colocated
pre_delete_errands sections in the tile metadata:
post_deploy_errands: - name: example-errand colocated: false - name: example_colocated_errand colocated: true run_default: on instances: - web_server/first label: colocated errand on web_server description: This errand does little more than print a message in order to prove colocated errands work. pre_delete_errands: - name: example-errand
The following example shows the colocated errands referenced within the
job_types: - name: web_server resource_label: Web Server templates: - name: web_server release: example-release provides: | web_server_info: (( .properties.example_selector.selected_option.parsed_manifest(provides_section) )) consumes: | web_server_info: (( .properties.example_selector.selected_option.parsed_manifest(consumes_section) )) - name: time_logger release: example-release - name: example_colocated_errand release: example-release release: example-release static_ip: 1 dynamic_ip: 0 max_in_flight: 1
Colocated errand support is available in Ops Manager 2.0 and later. If your tile uses colocated errands, use the instructions in this section to ensure your tile is also compatible with Ops Manager 1.12 and earlier.
When your tile no longer requires Ops Manager 1.12 support, configure your errands as either colocated or non-colocated. Future versions of Ops Manager will not support the workaround described in this section.
The following example manifest shows an
example_colocated_errand configured as a colocated errand in Ops Manager 2.0 and as an instance group errand in Ops Manager 1.12:
post_deploy_errands: - name: example_colocated_errand colocated: true run_default: on instances: - web_server/first label: colocated errand on web_server description: This errand does little more than print a message in order to prove colocated errands work. ... job_types: - name: example_colocated_errand description: The very best illustrative errand that prints all the properties, including secrets. templates: - name: dummy release: dummy errand: true ... - name: web_server resource_label: Web Server templates: - name: example_colocated_errand release: example-release
To make your tile compatible with both colocated and non-colocated errands, perform the following steps:
Configure your colocated errand for Ops Manager 2.0, as shown in the Colocated Errand Example Manifest. Ops Manager versions 1.12 and earlier ignore this property in the manifest.
job_typessection, define the same errand in the
web_serverinstance group, as shown in the example above. Ops Manager 1.12 and earlier runs the errand on every VM in the
web_serverinstance group. If you want the errand to run only once, configure the errand to run on an instance group with only one instance.
Configure the instance group that corresponds to your errand:
- Configure at least one non-errand job in the instance group. Ops Manager requires each instance group to contain at least one job.
Note: The example manifest above uses the
dummyjob from the Dummy BOSH release. You can use any no-op job.
Ops Manager 1.12 and earlier displays the following warning, but runs the errand on the specified instance group:
Warning: Ambiguous request: the requested errand name 'example_colocated_errand' matches both a job name and an errand instance group
Post-deploy errands run after a product installs, but before Ops Manager makes it available for use.
Typical post-install errands include smoke or acceptance tests, database initialization or database migration, and service broker registration.
Post-deploy errands run by default. An operator can prevent a post-deploy errand from running by setting its run rule to Off under Pending Changes in the Ops Manager Installation Dashboard or on the product tile’s Settings tab Errands pane, before installing the product.
For example, Redis has a Broker Registrar post-deploy errand that the Elastic Runtime tile uses to register its service broker with the Cloud Controller and publish its service plans.
If an operator chooses Off in the drop-down menu for Elastic Runtime’s Broker Registrar errand before installation, Elastic Runtime’s service broker is not registered with the Cloud Controller and its service plans are not made public.
Pre-delete errands run after an operator chooses to delete a product, but before Ops Manager actually finishes deleting it.
Typical pre-delete errands include clean up of application artifacts and service broker de-registration. For example, Pivotal MySQL has a Broker Deregistrar pre-delete errand that:
- Purges the service offering
- Purges all service instances
- Purges all application bindings
- Deletes the service broker from the Cloud Controller
When an operator chooses to delete the Pivotal MySQL product, Ops Manager first runs the Broker Deregistrar pre-delete errand, then deletes the product.
Pre-delete errands run by default. An operator can prevent a pre-delete errand from running by setting its run rule to Off under Pending Changes in the Ops Manager Installation Dashboard or on the product tile’s Settings tab Errands pane, before installing the product.
WARNING: In Ops Manager v1.10.0 and later, errands set to the When Changed rule do not always run when the tile has relevant changes. Instead of using When Changed, Pivotal recommends that tile developers leave the default run rule for errands as On and let operators use one-time rules to turn errands off and save deploy time.
Some errands do not always need to run. For example, installing a minor patch to a existing service might not require re-registering its broker. Ops Manager lets operators save installation time by turning errands off or on. They set these errand run rules in two places:
One-Time Rules under Pending Changes in the Ops Manager Installation Dashboard. These rules only apply to the next time you run Apply Changes and do not persist after the next successful installation.
Persistent Rules in the tile’s Errands pane. These rules persist through subsequent installations, until changed in the Errands pane.
For more information, see Configure Run Rules in Ops Manager.