LATEST VERSION: 1.9.0 - CHANGELOG
RabbitMQ for PCF v1.8.13

RabbitMQ® Environment Variables

This topic provides a reference for the environment variables that Cloud Foundry stores for RabbitMQ for PCF service instances. These variables include the credentials that apps use to access the service instances.

VCAP_SERVICES

Applications running in Cloud Foundry gain access to the bound service instances via an environment variable credentials hash called VCAP_SERVICES. An example hash is show below:


{
    "p-rabbitmq": [{
        "label": "p-rabbitmq",
        "name": "my-rabbit-service-instance",
        "plan": "standard",
        "tags": ["rabbitmq", "messaging", "message-queue", "amqp", "pivotal"],
        "credentials": {
            "dashboard_url": "http://pivotal-rabbitmq.your.pcf.example.com/#/login/b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f/tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn",
            "username": "b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f",
            "vhost": "62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7",
            "password": "tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn",
            "ssl": false,
            "hostname": "10.0.0.41",
            "hostnames": [
                "10.0.0.41",
                "10.0.0.51"],
            "uri": "amqp://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41/62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7",
            "uris": [
                "amqp://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41/62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7",
                "amqp://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.51/62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7"],
            "http_api_uri": "http://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41:15672/api",
            "http_api_uris": [
                "http://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41:15672/api",
                "http://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.51:15672/api"],
            "protocols": {
                "amqp": {
                    "password": "tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn",
                    "port": 5672,
                    "ssl": false,
                    "username": "b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f",
                    "vhost": "62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7",
                    "host": "10.0.0.41",
                    "hosts": [
                        "10.0.0.41",
                        "10.0.0.51"],
                    "uri": "amqp://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41:5672/62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7",
                    "uris": [
                        "amqp://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41:5672/62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7",
                        "amqp://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.51:5672/62e5ab21-7b38-44ac-b139-6aa97af01cd7"]},
                "management": {
                    "username": "b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f",
                    "password": "tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn",
                    "path": "/api",
                    "port": 15672,
                    "ssl": false,
                    "host": "10.0.0.41",
                    "hosts": [
                        "10.0.0.41",
                        "10.0.0.51"],
                    "uri": "http://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41:15672/api",
                    "uris": [
                        "http://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.41:15672/api",
                        "http://b5d0ad14-4352-48e8-8982-d5b1d257029f:tavk86pnnns1ddiqpsdtbchurn@10.0.0.51:15672/api"]}}}}]}

You can search for your service by its name, given when creating the service instance, or dynamically via the tags or label properties. The credentials property can be used as follows:

  • The top level properties uri, uris, vhost, username, password, hostname and hostnames provide access to the AMQP 0.9.1 protocol.

  • A more flexible approach is provided by the credentials.protocols property, which has a key per enabled protocol. The possible keys are amqp, management, mqtt, and stomp. If SSL is enabled, then the keys will be amqp+ssl, management+ssl, mqtt+ssl, and stomp+ssl respectively.

  • The values associated with each of these keys gives access credentials specific to each protocol. In all cases, URIs are provided, along with the individual components.

Changing Enabled Plugins and Protocols

Note: Removing or adding plugins/protocols may cause apps bound with RabbitMQ to break.

If you adjust the plugins and protocols enabled for RabbitMQ, you may need to force all app’s VCAP_SERVICES environment variable to be regenerated. Adding and removing the following plugins require bound applications to be restaged:

  • rabbitmq_management
  • rabbitmq_stomp
  • rabbitmq_mqtt
  • rabbitmq_amqp1_0

In common with all services in Pivotal Cloud Foundry (PCF), the VCAP_SERVICES environment variable for an application is only modified when the application is bound to a service instance. Users will need to cf unbind-service, cf bind-service and cf restage their app in this scenario.

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