Changing Windows Stacks
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This topic explains how to restage apps on a new Windows stack. It also provides a description of stacks and lists the supported Windows stacks on Pivotal Application Service for Windows v2.7.
To restage a Windows app on a new Linux stack, see Changing Stacks.
You can also use the Stack Auditor plugin for the Cloud Foundry Command Line Interface (cf CLI) when changing stacks. See Using the Stack Auditor Plugin.
A stack is a prebuilt root file system (rootfs) that supports a specific operating system. For example, Linux-based systems need
/bin directories at their root and Windows needs
/windows. The stack works in tandem with a buildpack to support apps running in compartments. Under Diego architecture, cell VMs can support multiple stacks.
Note: Docker apps do not use stacks.
If you push your Application Service for Windows v2.7 app to a Windows stack, you must use
windows2016 stack is not supported on Application Service for Windows.
For security, stacks receive regular updates to address Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVEs). Apps pick up on these stack changes through new releases of Application Service for Windows. However, if your app links statically to a library provided in the rootfs, you may have to manually restage it to pick up the changes.
It can be difficult to know what libraries an app statically links to, and it depends on the languages you are using. One example is an app that uses a Ruby or Python binary, and links out to part of the C standard library. If the C library requires an update, you may need to recompile the app and restage it.
To restage an app on a new stack, do the following:
cf stackscommand to list the stacks available in a deployment.
$ cf stacks Getting stacks in org MY-ORG / space development as firstname.lastname@example.org... OK name description windows2016 Windows Server 2016 windows Windows Server
To change your stack and restage your app, run the following command:
cf push MY-APP -s STACK-NAME
- MY-APP is the name of the app.
- STACK-NAME is the name of the new stack.
For example, to restage your app on the
cf push MY-APP -s windows:
$ cf push MY-APP -s windows Using stack windows... OK Creating app MY-APP in org MY-ORG / space development as email@example.com... OK ... requested state: started instances: 1/1 usage: 1G x 1 instances urls: MY-APP.cfapps.io last uploaded: Wed Apr 8 23:40:57 UTC 2015 state since cpu memory disk #0 running 2015-04-08 04:41:54 PM 0.0% 57.3M of 1G 128.8M of 1G
For API information, see the Stacks section of the Cloud Foundry API Documentation.