Skip to content

Writing a Pipeline to Install Ops Manager

This how-to-guide shows you how to write a pipeline for installing a new Ops Manager - including configuring and creating the Ops Manager VM and BOSH Director. If you already have an Ops Manager VM, check out Upgrading an Existing Ops Manager.

Prerequisites

Over the course of this guide, we're going to use Pivotal Platform Automation to create a pipeline using Concourse.

Before we get started, you'll need a few things ready to go:

  1. Credentials for an IaaS that Ops Manager is compatible with
    • It doesn't actually matter what IaaS you use for Ops Manager, as long as your Concourse can connect to it. Pipelines built with Platform Automation can be platform-agnostic.
  2. A Concourse instance with access to a Credhub instance and to the Internet
  3. GitHub account
  4. Read/write credentials and bucket name for an S3 bucket
  5. An account on https://network.pivotal.io (Pivnet)
  6. A MacOS workstation
    • with Docker installed
    • a text editor you like
    • a terminal emulator you like
    • a browser that works with Concourse, like Firefox or Chrome
    • and git

It will be very helpful to have a basic familiarity with the following. If you don't have basic familiarity with all these things, that's okay. We'll explain some basics, and link to resources to learn more:

A note on the prerequisites

While this guide uses Github to provide a git remote, and an S3 bucket as a blobstore, Platform Automation supports arbitrary git providers and S3-compatible blobstores.

If you need to use an alternate one, that's okay.

We picked specific examples so we could describe some steps in detail. Some details may be different if you follow along with different providers. If you're comfortable navigating those differences on your own, go for it!

Check out our reference for using an S3-specific blobstore

Similarly, in this guide, we assume the MacOS operating system. This should all work fine on Linux, too, but there might be differences in the paths you'll need to figure out.

Creating a Concourse Pipeline

Platform Automation's tasks and image are meant to be used in a Concourse pipeline. So, let's make one.

Using your bash command-line client, create a directory to keep your pipeline files in, and cd into it.

1
2
mkdir your-repo-name
cd !$

This repo name should relate to your situation and be specific enough to be navigable from your local workstation.

"!$"

!$ is a bash shortcut. Pronounced "bang, dollar-sign," it means "use the last argument from the most recent command." In this case, that's the directory we just created! This is not a Platform Automation thing, this is just a bash tip dearly beloved of at least one Platform Automator.

Before we get started with the pipeline itself, we'll gather some variables in a file we can use throughout our pipeline.

Open your text editor and create vars.yml. Here's what it should look like to start, we can add things to this as we go:

1
2
3
platform-automation-bucket: your-bucket-name
credhub-server: https://your-credhub.example.com
opsman-url: https://pcf.foundation.example.com

Using a DNS

This example assumes that you're using DNS and hostnames. You can use IP addresses for all these resources instead, but you still need to provide the information as a URL, for example: https://120.121.123.124

Now, create a file called pipeline.yml.

Naming

We'll use pipeline.yml in our examples throughout this guide. However, you may create multiple pipelines over time. If there's a more sensible name for the pipeline you're working on, feel free to use that instead.

Write this at the top, and save the file. This is YAML for "the start of the document". It's optional, but traditional:

1
---

Now you have a pipeline file! Nominally! Well, look. It's valid YAML, at least.

Getting fly

Let's try to set it as a pipeline with fly, the Concourse command-line Interface (CLI).

First, check if we've got fly installed at all:

1
fly -v

If it gives you back a version number, great! Skip ahead to Setting The Pipeline

If it says something like -bash: fly: command not found, we have a little work to do: we've got to get fly.

Navigate to the address for your Concourse instance in a web browser. At this point, you don't even need to be signed in! If there are no public pipelines, you should see something like this:

Get Fly

If there are public pipelines, or if you're signed in and there are pipelines you can see, you'll see something similar in the lower-right hand corner.

Click the icon for your OS and save the file, mv the resulting file to somewhere in your $PATH, and use chmod to make it executable:

A note on command-line examples

Some of these, you can copy-paste directly into your terminal. Some of them won't work that way, or even if they did, would require you to edit them to replace our example values with your actual values. We recommend you type all of the bash examples in by hand, substituting values, if necessary, as you go. Don't forget that you can often hit the tab key to auto-complete the name of files that already exist; it makes all that typing just a little easier, and serves as a sort of command-line autocorrect.

1
2
mv ~/Downloads/fly /usr/local/bin/fly
chmod +x !$

Congrats! You got fly.

Okay but what did I just do?

FAIR QUESTION. You downloaded the fly binary, moved it into bash's PATH, which is where bash looks for things to execute when you type a command, and then added permissions that allow it to be executed. Now, the CLI is installed - and we won't have to do all that again, because fly has the ability to update itself, which we'll get into later.

Setting The Pipeline

Okay now let's try to set our pipeline with fly, the Concourse CLI.

fly keeps a list of Concourses it knows how to talk to. Let's see if the Concourse we want is already on the list:

1
fly targets

If you see the address of the Concourse you want to use in the list, note down its name, and use it in the login command:

1
fly -t control-plane login

Control-plane?

We're going to use the name control-plane for our Concourse in this guide. It's not a special name, it just happens to be the name of the Concourse we want to use in our target list.

If you don't see the Concourse you need, you can add it with the -c (--concourse-url)flag:

1
fly -t control-plane login -c https://your-concourse.example.com

You should see a login link you can click on to complete login from your browser.

Stay on target

The -t flag sets the name when used with login and -c. In the future, you can leave out the -c argument.

If you ever want to know what a short flag stands for, you can run the command with -h (--help) at the end.

Pipeline-setting time! We'll use the name "foundation" for this pipeline, but if your foundation has an actual name, use that instead.

1
fly -t control-plane set-pipeline -p foundation -c pipeline.yml

It should say no changes to apply, which is fair, since we gave it an empty YAML doc.

Version discrepancy

If fly says something about a "version discrepancy," "significant" or otherwise, just do as it says: run fly sync and try again. fly sync automatically updates the CLI with the version that matches the Concourse you're targeting. Useful!

Your First Job

Let's see Concourse actually do something, yeah?

Add this to your pipeline.yml, starting on the line after the ---:

1
wait: no nevermind let's get version control first

Good point. Don't actually add that to your pipeline config yet. Or if you have, delete it, so your whole pipeline looks like this again:

1
---

Reverting edits to our pipeline is something we'll probably want to do again. This is one of many reasons we want to keep our pipeline under version control.

So let's make this directory a git repo!

But First, git init

Git Repository Layout

The following describes a step-by-step approach for how to get set up with git.

For an example of the repository file structure for single and multiple foundation systems, please reference Git Repository Layout.

git should come back with information about the commit you just created:

1
2
git init
git commit --allow-empty -m "Empty initial commit"

If it gives you a config error instead, you might need to configure git a bit. Here's a good guide to initial setup. Get that done, and try again.

Now we can add our pipeline.yml, so in the future it's easy to get back to that soothing --- state.

1
2
git add pipeline.yml vars.yml
git commit -m "Add pipeline and starter vars"

Let's just make sure we're all tidy:

1
git status

git should come back with nothing to commit, working tree clean.

Great. Now we can safely make changes.

Git commits

git commits are the basic unit of code history.

Making frequent, small, commits with good commit messages makes it much easier to figure out why things are the way they are, and to return to the way things were in simpler, better times. Writing short commit messages that capture the intent of the change (in an imperative style) can be tough, but it really does make the pipeline's history much more legible, both to future-you, and to current-and-future teammates and collaborators.

The Test Task

Platform Automation comes with a test task meant to validate that it's been installed correctly. Let's use it to get setup.

Add this to your pipeline.yml, starting on the line after the ---:

1
2
3
4
5
6
jobs:
- name: test
  plan:
    - task: test
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/test.yml

If we try to set this now, Concourse will take it:

1
fly -t control-plane set-pipeline -p foundation -c pipeline.yml

Now we should be able to see our pipeline in the Concourse UI. It'll be paused, so click the "play" button to unpause it. Then, click in to the gray box for our test job, and hit the "plus" button to schedule a build.

It should error immediately, with unknown artifact source: platform-automation-tasks. We didn't give it a source for our task file.

We've got a bit of pipeline code that Concourse accepts. Before we start doing the next part, this would be a good moment to make a commit:

1
2
git add pipeline.yml
git commit -m "Add (nonfunctional) test task"

With that done, we can try to get the inputs we need by adding get steps to the plan before the task, like so:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
jobs:
- name: test
  plan:
    - get: platform-automation-image
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*image*.tgz"]
        unpack: true
    - get: platform-automation-tasks
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*tasks*.zip"]
        unpack: true
    - task: test
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/test.yml

If we try to fly set this, fly will complain about invalid resources.

To actually make the image and file we want to use available, we'll need some Resources.

Adding Resources

Resources are Concourse's main approach to managing artifacts. We need an image, and the tasks directory - so we'll tell Concourse how to get these things by declaring Resources for them.

In this case, we'll be downloading the image and the tasks directory from Pivnet. Before we can declare the resources themselves, we have to teach Concourse to talk to Pivnet. (Many resource types are built in, but this one isn't.)

Add the following to your pipeline file. We'll put it above the jobs entry.

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
resource_types:
- name: pivnet
  type: docker-image
  source:
    repository: pivotalcf/pivnet-resource
    tag: latest-final
resources:
- name: platform-automation
  type: pivnet
  source:
    product_slug: platform-automation
    api_token: ((pivnet-refresh-token))

The API token is a credential, which we'll pass via the command-line when setting the pipeline, so we don't accidentally check it in.

Grab a refresh token from your Pivnet profile (when logged in, click your username, then Edit Profile) and clicking "Request New Refresh Token." Then use that token in the following command:

Keep it secret, keep it safe

Bash commands that start with a space character are not saved in your history. This can be very useful for cases like this, where you want to pass a secret, but don't want it saved. Commands in this guide that contain a secret start with a space, which can be easy to miss.

1
2
3
4
5
# note the space before the command
 fly -t control-plane set-pipeline \
     -p foundation \
     -c pipeline.yml \
     -v pivnet-refresh-token=your-api-token

Warning

When you get your Pivnet token as described above, any previous Pivnet tokens you may have gotten will stop working. If you're using your Pivnet refresh token anywhere, retrieve it from your existing secret storage rather than getting a new one, or you'll end up needing to update it everywhere it's used.

Go back to the Concourse UI and trigger another build. This time, it should pass.

Commit time!

1
2
git add pipeline.yml
git commit -m "Add resources needed for test task"

We'd rather not pass our Pivnet token every time we need to set the pipeline. Fortunately, Concourse can integrate with secret storage services.

Let's put our API token in Credhub so Concourse can get it.

First we'll need to login:

Backslashes in bash examples

The following example has been broken across multiple lines by using backslash characters (\) to escape the newlines. We'll be doing this a lot to keep the examples readable. When you're typing these out, you can skip that and just put it all on one line.

1
2
3
4
# again, note the space at the start
 credhub login --server example.com \
         --client-id your-client-id \
         --client-secret your-client-secret

Logging in to credhub

Depending on your credential type, you may need to pass client-id and client-secret, as we do above, or username and password. We use the client approach because that's the credential type that automation should usually be working with. Nominally, a username represents a person, and a client represents a system; this isn't always exactly how things are in practice. Use whichever type of credential you have in your case. Note that if you exclude either set of flags, Credhub will interactively prompt for username and password, and hide the characters of your password when you type them. This method of entry can be better in some situations.

Then, we can set the credential name to the path where Concourse will look for it:

1
2
3
4
5
# note the starting space
 credhub set \
         --name /concourse/your-team-name/pivnet-refresh-token \
         --type value \
         --value your-credhub-refresh-token

Now, let's set that pipeline again, without passing a secret this time.

1
2
3
fly -t control-plane set-pipeline \
    -p foundation \
    -c pipeline.yml

This should succeed, and the diff Concourse shows you should replace the literal credential with ((pivnet-refresh-token)).

Visit the UI again and re-run the test job; this should also succeed.

Downloading Ops Manager

We're finally in a position to do work!

Let's switch out the test job for one that downloads and installs Ops Manager. We can do this by changing:

  • the name of the job
  • the name of the task
  • the file of the task

Our first task within the job should be download-product. It has an additional required input; we need the config file download-product uses to talk to Pivnet.

We'll write that file and make it available as a resource in a moment, for now, we'll just get it (and reference it in our params) as if it's there.

It also has an additional output (the downloaded image). We're just going to use it in a subsequent step, so we don't have to put it anywhere.

Finally, while it's fine for test to run in parallel, the install process shouldn't. So, we'll add serial: true to the job, too.

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
jobs:
- name: install-ops-manager
  serial: true
  plan:
    - get: platform-automation-image
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*image*.tgz"]
        unpack: true
    - get: platform-automation-tasks
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*tasks*.zip"]
        unpack: true
    - get: config
    - task: download-product
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/download-product.yml
      params:
        CONFIG_FILE: download-ops-manager.yml

If we try to fly this up to Concourse, it will again complain about resources that don't exist.

So, let's make them.

The first new resource we need is the config file. We'll push our git repo to a remote on Github to make this (and later, other) configuration available to the pipelines.

Github has good instructions you can follow to create a new repository on Github. You can skip over the part about using git init to setup your repo, since we already did that.

Go ahead and setup your remote and use git push to make what we have available. We will use this repository to hold our single foundation specific configuration. We are using the "Single Repository for Each Foundation" pattern to structure our configurations.

You will also need to add the repository URL to vars.yml so we can reference it later, when we declare the corresponding resource.

1
pipeline-repo: git@github.com:username/your-repo-name

download-ops-manager.yml holds creds for communicating with Pivnet, and uniquely identifies an Ops Manager image to download.

An example download-ops-manager.yml is shown below.

Write an download-ops-manager.yml for your Ops Manager.

1
2
3
4
5
---
pivnet-api-token: ((pivnet-token))
pivnet-file-glob: "ops-manager-aws*.yml"
pivnet-product-slug: ops-manager
product-version-regex: ^2\.5\.\d+$
1
2
3
4
5
---
pivnet-api-token: ((pivnet-token))
pivnet-file-glob: "ops-manager-azure*.yml"
pivnet-product-slug: ops-manager
product-version-regex: ^2\.5\.\d+$
1
2
3
4
5
---
pivnet-api-token: ((pivnet-token))
pivnet-file-glob: "ops-manager-gcp*.yml"
pivnet-product-slug: ops-manager
product-version-regex: ^2\.5\.\d+$
1
2
3
4
5
---
pivnet-api-token: ((pivnet-token))
pivnet-file-glob: "ops-manager-openstack*.raw"
pivnet-product-slug: ops-manager
product-version-regex: ^2\.5\.\d+$
1
2
3
4
5
---
pivnet-api-token: ((pivnet-token))
pivnet-file-glob: "ops-manager-vsphere*.ova"
pivnet-product-slug: ops-manager
product-version-regex: ^2\.5\.\d+$

Add and commit the new file:

1
2
3
git add download-ops-manager.yml
git commit -m "Add download-ops-manager file for foundation"
git push

Now that the download-ops-manager file we need is in our git remote, we need to add a resource to tell Concourse how to get it as config.

Since this is (probably) a private repo, we'll need to create a deploy key Concourse can use to access it. Follow Github's instructions for creating a read-only deploy key.

Then, put the private key in Credhub so we can use it in our pipeline:

1
2
3
4
5
6
# note the starting space
 credhub set \
         --name /concourse/your-team-name/plat-auto-pipes-deploy-key \
         --type ssh \
         --private the/filepath/of/the/key-id_rsa \
         --public the/filepath/of/the/key-id_rsa.pub

Then, add this to the resources section of your pipeline file:

1
2
3
4
5
6
- name: config
  type: git
  source:
    uri: ((pipeline-repo))
    private_key: ((plat-auto-pipes-deploy-key.private_key))
    branch: main

We'll need to put the pivnet token in Crehub:

1
2
3
4
# note the starting space throughout
 credhub set \
        -n /concourse/your-team-name/foundation/pivnet-token \
        -t value -v your-pivnet-token

Credhub paths and pipeline names

Notice that we've added an element to the cred paths; now we're using the foundation name.

If you look at Concourse's lookup rules, you'll see that it searches the pipeline-specific path before the team path. Since our pipeline is named for the foundation it's used to manage, we can use this to scope access to our foundation-specific information to just this pipeline.

By contrast, the Pivnet token may be valuable across several pipelines (and associated foundations), so we scoped that to our team.

In order to perform interpolation in one of our input files, we'll need the credhub-interpolate task Earlier, we relied on Concourse's native integration with Credhub for interpolation. That worked because we needed to use the variable in the pipeline itself, not in one of our inputs.

We can add it to our job after we've retrieved our download-ops-manager.yml input, but before the download-product task:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
jobs:
- name: install-ops-manager
  serial: true
  plan:
    - get: platform-automation-image
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*image*.tgz"]
        unpack: true
    - get: platform-automation-tasks
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*tasks*.zip"]
        unpack: true
    - get: config
    - task: credhub-interpolate
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/credhub-interpolate.yml
      params:
        CREDHUB_CLIENT: ((credhub-client))
        CREDHUB_SECRET: ((credhub-secret))
        CREDHUB_SERVER: https://your-credhub.example.com
        PREFIX: /concourse/your-team-name/foundation
      input_mapping:
        files: config
      output_mapping:
        interpolated-files: interpolated-config
    - task: download-product
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/download-product.yml
      params:
        CONFIG_FILE: download-ops-manager.yml
      input_mapping:
        config: interpolated-config

output_mapping

The credhub-interpolate task for this job maps the output from the task (interpolated-files) to interpolated-config.

This can be used by the next task in the job to more explicitly define the inputs/outputs of each task. It is also okay to leave the output as interpolated-files if it is appropriately referenced in the next task

Notice the input mappings of the credhub-interpolate and download-product tasks. This allows us to use the output of one task as in input of another.

We now need to put our credhub_client and credhub_secret into Credhub, so Concourse's native integration can retrieve them and pass them as configuration to the credhub-interpolate task.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
# note the starting space throughout
 credhub set \
        -n /concourse/your-team-name/credhub-client \
        -t value -v your-credhub-client
 credhub set \
        -n /concourse/your-team-name/credhub-secret \
        -t value -v your-credhub-secret

Now, the credhub-interpolate task will interpolate our config input, and pass it to download-product as config.

The job will download the product now. This is a good commit point.

1
2
3
git add pipeline.yml
git commit -m 'download the Ops Manager image'
git push

Creating Resources for Your Ops Manager

Before Platform Automation can create a VM for your Ops Manager installation, there are a certain number of resources required by the VM creation and the Ops Manager director installation processes. These resources are created directly on the IaaS of your choice, and read in as configuration for your Ops Manager.

There are two main ways of creating these resources, and you should use whichever method is right for you and your setup.

Terraform:

There are open source terraforming scripts we recommend for use, as they are maintained by the Pivotal organization. These scripts are found in open source repos under the pivotal-cf org in GitHub.

Each of these repos contain instructions in their respective READMEs designed to get you started. Most of the manual keys that you need to fill out will be in a terraform.tfvars file (for more specific instruction, please consult the README).

If there are specific aspects of the terraforming repos that do not work for you, you can overwrite some properties using an override.tf file.

Manual Installation:

Pivotal has extensive documentation to manually create the resources needed if you are unable or do not wish to use Terraform. As with the Terraform solution, however, there are different docs depending on the IaaS you are installing Ops Manager onto.

When going through the documentation required for your IaaS, be sure to stop before deploying the Ops Manager image. Platform Automation will do this for you.

NOTE: if you need to install an earlier version of Ops Manager, select your desired version from the dropdown at the top of the page.

Creating the Ops Manager VM

Now that we have an Ops Manager image and the resources required to deploy a VM, let's add the new task to the install-opsman job.

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
jobs:
- name: install-ops-manager
  serial: true
  plan:
    - get: platform-automation-image
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*image*.tgz"]
        unpack: true
    - get: platform-automation-tasks
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*tasks*.zip"]
        unpack: true
    - get: config
    - task: credhub-interpolate
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/credhub-interpolate.yml
      params:
        CREDHUB_CLIENT: ((credhub-client))
        CREDHUB_SECRET: ((credhub-secret))
        CREDHUB_SERVER: https://your-credhub.example.com
        PREFIX: /concourse/your-team-name/foundation
      input_mapping:
        files: config
      output_mapping:
        interpolated-files: interpolated-config
    - task: download-product
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/download-product.yml
      params:
        CONFIG_FILE: download-ops-manager.yml
      input_mapping:
        config: interpolated-config
    - task: create-vm
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/create-vm.yml

If we try to fly this up to Concourse, it will again complain about resources that don't exist.

So, let's make them.

Looking over the list of inputs for create-vm we still need two required inputs:

  1. config
  2. state

The optional inputs are vars used with the config, so we'll get to those when we do config.

Let's start with the config file. We'll write an Ops Manager VM Configuration file to opsman.yml.

The properties available vary by IaaS, for example:

  • IaaS credentials
  • networking setup (IP address, subnet, security group, etc)
  • ssh key
  • datacenter/availability zone/region
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
---
opsman-configuration:
  aws:
    region: us-west-2
    vm_name: ops-manager-foundation
    vpc_subnet_id: subnet-0292bc845215c2cbf
    security_group_id: sg-0354f804ba7c4bc41
    key_pair_name: ops-manager-key
    private_ip: 10.0.0.2
    use_instance_profile: true
    iam_instance_profile_name: ops-manager-iam

# Note that because this config contains no secrets
# and is already written to a foundation-specific filepath,
# it need not be interpolated.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
---
opsman-configuration:
  azure:
    subscription_id: 90f35f10-ea9e-4e80-aac4-d6778b995532
    resource_group: res-group
    tenant_id: 3e52862f-a01e-4b97-98d5-f31a409df682
    client_id: 5782deb6-9195-4827-83ae-a13fda90aa0d
    client_secret: ((opsman-client-secret))
    location: westus
    container: opsmanagerimage
    network_security_group: ops-manager-security-group
    vpc_subnet: /subscriptions/<MY_SUBSCRIPTION_ID>/resourceGroups/<MY_RESOURCE_GROUP>/providers/Microsoft.Network/virtualNetworks/<MY_VNET>/subnets/<MY_SUBNET>
    storage_account: opsman                      # used for the Ops Manager image
    ssh_public_key: ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAZ... # public key for ssh to VM
    vm_name: ops-manager-foundation
    private_ip: 10.0.0.3

# Note that as this contains a secret, it will need to be interpolated.
# The opsman-client-secret will need to be set in credhub.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
---
opsman-configuration:
  gcp:
    gcp_service_account: ((gcp_service_account_json))
    project: project-id
    region: us-central1
    zone: us-central1-b
    vm_name: ops-manager-foundation
    vpc_subnet: infrastructure-subnet
    tags: ops-manager
    private_ip: 10.0.0.2

# Note that as this contains a secret, it will need to be interpolated.
# The gcp_service_account_json will need to be set in credhub.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
---
opsman-configuration:
  openstack:
    auth_url: http://os.example.com:5000/v2.0
    project_name: project
    net_id: 26a13112-b6c2-11e8-96f8-529269fb1459
    username: admin
    password: ((opsman-openstack-password))
    key_pair_name: opsman-keypair
    security_group_name: opsman-sec-group
    vm_name: ops-manager-foundation
    private_ip: 10.0.0.3
    project_domain_name: default
    user_domain_name: default
    availability_zone: zone-01

# Note that as this contains a secret, it will need to be interpolated.
# The opsman-openstack-password will need to be set in credhub.
 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
---
opsman-configuration:
  vsphere:
    vcenter:
      url: vcenter.example.com
      username: admin
      password: ((vcenter-password))
      datastore: exmple-ds-1
      ca_cert: certificate
      host: example-host               # vCenter host to deploy Ops Manager on
      datacenter: example-dc
      resource_pool: /example-dc/host/example-host/Resources/ResPool
      folder: /example-dc/vm/Folder
    disk_type: thin
    private_ip: 10.0.0.2
    dns: 8.8.8.8
    ntp: ntp.example.com
    ssh_public_key: ssh-rsa ......
    hostname: pcf.example.com
    network: virtual-network           # vcenter network to deploy to
    netmask: 255.255.255.192
    gateway: 192.168.10.1
    vm_name: ops-manager-foundation

# Note that as this contains a secret, it will need to be interpolated.
# The vcenter-password will need to be set in credhub.

These examples all make assumptions about the details of your soon-to-be Ops Manager's configuration. See the reference docs for this file for more details about your options and per-IaaS caveats.

Once you have your config file, commit and push it:

1
2
3
git add opsman.yml
git commit -m "Add opsman config"
git push

The state input is a placeholder which will be filled in by the create-vm task output. This will be used later to keep track of the VM so it can be upgraded, which you can learn about in the upgrade-how-to.

Add the following to your resources section of your pipeline.yml

1
2
3
4
5
6
- name: vars
  type: git
  source:
    uri: ((pipeline-repo))
    private_key: ((plat-auto-pipes-deploy-key.private_key))
    branch: main

This resource definition will allow create-vm to use the variables from vars.yml in the opsman.yml file.

The create-vm task in the install-opsman will need to be updated to use the download-product image, Ops Manager configuration file, and the placeholder state file.

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
jobs:
- name: install-ops-manager
  serial: true
  plan:
    - get: platform-automation-image
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*image*.tgz"]
        unpack: true
    - get: platform-automation-tasks
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*tasks*.zip"]
        unpack: true
    - get: config
    - task: credhub-interpolate
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/credhub-interpolate.yml
      params:
        CREDHUB_CLIENT: ((credhub-client))
        CREDHUB_SECRET: ((credhub-secret))
        CREDHUB_SERVER: https://your-credhub.example.com
        PREFIX: /concourse/your-team-name/foundation
      input_mapping:
        files: config
      output_mapping:
        interpolated-files: interpolated-config
    - task: download-product
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/download-product.yml
      params:
        CONFIG_FILE: download-ops-manager.yml
      input_mapping:
        config: interpolated-config
    - task: create-vm
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/create-vm.yml
      input_mapping:
        config: interpolated-config
        state: config
        image: downloaded-product

Defaults for tasks

We do not explicitly set the default parameters for create-vm in this example. Because opsman.yml is the default input to OPSMAN_CONFIG_FILE, it is redundant to set this param in the pipeline. Refer to the task definitions for a full range of the available and default parameters.

Set the pipeline.

Before we run the job, we should ensure that state.yml is always persisted regardless of whether the install-opsman job failed or passed. To do this, we can add the following section to the job:

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
jobs:
- name: install-ops-manager
  serial: true
  plan:
    - get: platform-automation-image
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*image*.tgz"]
        unpack: true
    - get: platform-automation-tasks
      resource: platform-automation
      params:
        globs: ["*tasks*.zip"]
        unpack: true
    - get: config
    - task: credhub-interpolate
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/credhub-interpolate.yml
      params:
        CREDHUB_CLIENT: ((credhub-client))
        CREDHUB_SECRET: ((credhub-secret))
        CREDHUB_SERVER: https://your-credhub.example.com
        PREFIX: /concourse/your-team-name/foundation
      input_mapping:
        files: config
      output_mapping:
        interpolated-files: interpolated-config
    - task: download-product
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/download-product.yml
      params:
        CONFIG_FILE: download-ops-manager.yml
      input_mapping:
        config: interpolated-config
    - task: create-vm
      image: platform-automation-image
      file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/create-vm.yml
      input_mapping:
        config: interpolated-config
        state: config
        image: downloaded-product
      ensure:
        do:
          - task: make-commit
            image: platform-automation-image
            file: platform-automation-tasks/tasks/make-git-commit.yml
            input_mapping:
              repository: config
              file-source: generated-state
            output_mapping:
              repository-commit: config-commit
            params:
              FILE_SOURCE_PATH: state.yml
              FILE_DESTINATION_PATH: state.yml
              GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL: "pcf-pipeline-bot@example.com"
              GIT_AUTHOR_NAME: "Platform Automation Bot"
              COMMIT_MESSAGE: 'Update state file'
          - put: config
            params:
              repository: config-commit
              merge: true

Set the pipeline one final time, run the job, and see it pass.

1
2
3
git add pipeline.yml
git commit -m "Install Ops Manager in CI"
git push

Your install pipeline is now complete. You are now free to move on to the next steps of your automation journey.