On-Demand Networking

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This topic describes networking for on-demand services, including MySQL for Pivotal Platform.

Service Network Requirement

When you deploy Pivotal Application Service (PAS), you must create a statically defined network to host the component VMs that make up the infrastructure. Components, such as Cloud Controller and UAA, run on this infrastructure network.

On-demand services might require you to host them on a separate network from the default network. You can also deploy on-demand services on a separate service networks to meet your own security requirements.

PAS supports dynamic networking. Operators can use dynamic networking with asynchronous service provisioning to define dynamically-provisioned service networks. For more information, see Default Network and Service Network below.

On-demand services are enabled by default on all networks. Operators can optionally create separate networks to host services in BOSH Director. Operators can select which network hosts on-demand service instances when they configure the tile for that service.

Default Network and Service Network

On-demand MySQL for Pivotal Platform services use BOSH to dynamically deploy VMs and create single-tenant service instances in a dedicated network. On-demand services use the dynamically-provisioned service network to host single-tenant worker VMs. These worker VMs run as service instances within development spaces.

This on-demand architecture has the following advantages:

  • Developers can provision IaaS resources for their services instances when the instances are created. This removes the need for operators to pre-provision a fixed amount of IaaS resources when they deploy the service broker.
  • Service instances run on a dedicated VM and do not share VMs with unrelated processes. This removes the “noisy neighbor” problem, where an app monopolizes resources on a shared cluster.
  • Single-tenant services can support regulatory compliances where sensitive data must be separated across different machines.

An on-demand service separates operations between the default network and the service network. Shared service components, such as executive controllers and databases, Cloud Controller, UAA, and other on-demand components, run on the default network. Worker pools deployed to specific spaces run on the service network.

The diagram below shows worker VMs in an on-demand service instance running on a separate services network, while other components run on the default network.

View a larger version of this image

Required Networking Rules for On-Demand Services

Before deploying a service tile that uses the on-demand service broker (ODB), you must create networking rules to enable components to communicate with ODB. For instructions for creating networking rules, see the documentation for your IaaS.

The following table lists key components and their responsibilities in the on-demand architecture.

Key Components Component Responsibilities
BOSH Director Creates and updates service instances as instructed by ODB.
BOSH Agent Adds an agent on every VM that it deploys. The agent listens for instructions from the BOSH Director and executes those instructions. The agent receives job specifications from the BOSH Director and uses them to assign a role or job to the VM.
BOSH UAA Issues OAuth2 tokens for clients to use when they act on behalf of BOSH users.
Pivotal Application Service Contains the apps that consume services.
ODB Instructs BOSH to create and update services. Connects to services to create bindings.
Deployed service instance Runs the given service. For example, a deployed MySQL for Pivotal Platform service instance runs the MySQL for Pivotal Platform service.

Required Networking Rules for MySQL for Pivotal Platform

Regardless of the specific network layout, the operator must set network rules.

To ensure that connections are open, see the table below:

Source Component Destination Component Default TCP Port Notes
BOSH Agent BOSH Director 4222 The BOSH Agent runs on every VM in the system, including the BOSH Director VM. The BOSH Agent initiates the connection with the BOSH Director.

The default port is not configurable.

The communication between these components is two-way.
Broker and service instances Doppler on Pivotal Application Service (PAS) 8082 This port is for metrics.
Deployed apps on PAS MySQL service instances 3306 This port is for general use, app-specific tasks. In addition to configuring your IaaS, create a security group for the MySQL service instance.
ODB BOSH Director

BOSH UAA
25555 (BOSH Director)

8443 (UAA)

8844 (CredHub)

The default ports are not configurable.
ODB MySQL service instances 8443
3306
This connection is for administrative tasks. Avoid opening general use, app-specific ports for this connection.
ODB PAS 8443 The default port is not configurable.
PAS ODB 8080 This port allows PAS to communicate with the ODB component.
Deployed apps on PAS Runtime CredHub 8844 This port is needed if secure service binding credentials are enabled. For information, see Configure Security.
PAS MySQL service instances 8853 This port is for DNS to run health checks against services instances.

Required Networking Rules for Leader-Follower Plans

If you are using a leader-follower service plan, the operator must set network rules in addition to the networking rules required for MySQL for Pivotal Platform.

To ensure that connections are open, see the table below:

Source VM Destination VM Default TCP Port Notes
Leader VM Follower VM 8443
8081
This port is needed if leader-follower is enabled. For more information, see Configure a Leader-Follower Service Plan.

The communication between these VMs is two-way.

Required Networking Rules for Highly Available (HA) Cluster Plans

If you are using a HA cluster service plan, the operator must set network rules in addition to the networking rules required for MySQL for Pivotal Platform.

To ensure that connections are open, see the table below:

Source VM Destination VM Default TCP Port Notes
PAS MySQL service instances 8083 This port is needed to monitor cluster health with Switchboard. For more information, see Monitoring Node Health (HA Cluster).
Jumpbox VM PAS UAA 8443 This port is needed so that the replication canary can create a UAA client for sending email notifications. For more information, see About the Replication Canary.
HA cluster node HA cluster node 4567
4568
4444
This port is needed to maintain network connectivity between nodes in an HA cluster. For more information, see Firewall Configuration in the Percona documentation.

The communication between these VMs is two-way.
Galera healthcheck Galera healthcheck 9200 This port is for monitoring the health of nodes in an HA cluster.

The communication between these VMs is two-way.