Pivotal Cloud Cache Architecture
Pivotal GemFire is the data store within Pivotal Cloud Cache (PCC). A PCC service instance requires a small amount of administrative GemFire setup, and any app will use a limited portion of the GemFire API.
The PCC architectural model is a client-server model. The clients are apps or microservices, and the servers are a set of GemFire servers maintained by a PCC service instance. The GemFire servers provide a low-latency, consistent, fault-tolerant data store within PCC.
GemFire holds data in key/value pairs. Each pair is called an entry. Entries are logically grouped into sets called regions. A region is a map (or dictionary) data structure.
The app (client) uses PCC as a cache. A cache lookup (read) is a get operation on a GemFire region. The cache operation of a cache write is a put operation on a GemFire region. The GemFire command-line interface, called gfsh, facilitates region administration. Use gfsh to create and destroy regions within the PCC service instance.
PCC deploys cache clusters that use Pivotal GemFire to provide high availability, replication guarantees, and eventual consistency.
When you first spin up a cluster, you have three locators and at least four servers.
When you scale up the cluster, you have more servers, increasing the capacity of the cache. There are always three locators.
When a client connects to the cluster, it first connects to a locator. The locator replies with the IP address of a server for it to talk to. The client then connects to that server.
When the client wants to read or write data, it sends a request directly to the server.
If the server doesn’t have the data locally, it fetches it from another server.